7312 E Deer Valley Rd, Suite 110, Scottsdale, AZ 85255

Using human urine as fertilizer

Okay, that sounds strange. But scientists in Finland demonstrated that human liquid combined with wood ash promotes the growth of cabbages, cucumbers and tomatoes better than industrial fertilizers.

In fact, organic gardeners in Europe and the US have already started using urine in their own backyard that yields more plentiful produce.

In an experiment, environmental scientists harvested beets that were 10% and 27% bigger using urine and urine-ash mixture, respectively, compared to traditional compost.

Chemical analysis showed that urine contains the same ingredients as mineral fertilizers nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Blind-testing showed that there was not much difference in beet taste using urine-based and common fertilizers.

Further, urine is safer to use than fecal material, which contains pathogens like salmonella organisms and coliforms. Even astronauts drink purified urine in space.

The acceptability of this new finding is encouraged by environmentalists in a recent journal publication. Challenges may arise from remodeling of sewage systems that would collect and transport liquid waste.

Researchers also stress that using urine as fertilizer will strengthen crop production and enhance the hygiene situation in developing countries as well as boost the sustainability of sewage in industrialized countries.

This information is intended for educational and informational purposes only. It should not be used in place of an individual consultation or examination or replace the advice of your healthcare professional and should not be relied upon to determine diagnosis or course of treatment.


Healthcare Designed Around Your Needs

Whether your lifestyle dictates the need for concierge-style 24/7 access to your personal physician or direct access medicine for yourself or your family, you'll find it here. Highly focused personal care from a board-certified family practitioner with more than two decades' experience. Known as the valley's premier provider of integrative and functional medicine, Dr. Sosnowski has a strong reputation for investing inordinate amounts of time getting to know, diagnose and treat her patients.

Patient Reviews

This was my first visit with Dr. Sosnowski and it was the most thorough physical I have ever had. My appointment was scheduled to be two hours so that we could go through all my medical history and have a physical exam. It was so nice to be able to have someone really listen to you and answer your questions. Dr. Sosnowski was knowledgeable and thorough. I left with a few things to implement now while we have lab work done (also very thorough and extensive) and a plan to move forward towards good health.

A Doctor's Personal Story


by Jennifer J. Sosnowski, MD, FAAFP, ABoIM, IFMCP

"My personal struggle in overcoming six years of chronic daily migraines was the catalyst that led me to become an expert in functional and integrative medicine. My exasperation with the conveyor belt approach of today's mainstream medical industry inspired me to launch MVP Medical Care. My focus is on you, the patient - insurance companies don't dictate your care."